Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen and Filter Mud on Tomato Vegetative Growth Yield and Yield Components

Main Article Content

Abuzaid O. Abuzaid
Mohamed S. Osman
Elfatih A. M. Elsiddig
Gamal Eldin Eltayeb Abd-Elrahim


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the   effect of different levels of nitrogen and filter mud cake applications on vegetative growth and yield on tomato cultivar "Castle Rock".

Place and  Duration of Study: Field experiments were conducted during two successive winter seasons 2015/2016 and 2016/2017 at the experimental farm, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Bakht Alruda, Ed Duiem, Sudan.

Methodology: Treatments included three Nitrogen levels (0, 43 and 86 kg N/ ha) and three filter mud levels (0, 2 and 4 ton/ ha). Urea (46%N) was used as source of nitrogen and applied after fifteen days from sowing. Filter mud cake was applied one month before sowing. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications.

Results: Results showed significant differences among N treatments in tomato vegetative growth, yield and yield components in the two seasons. The 86 kg N/ ha showed the highest vegetative growth yield and yield components compared to control. The filter mud application at both rates showed significant increase in the most vegetative growth parameters, yield and yield components compared to the control in the two seasons. The combination of N and filter mud resulted in significant increase in vegetative growth and yield components, the highest values were obtained by application of 86 kg/ha combined with 4 ton filter mud /ha.

Conclusion: Considering the present study it can be concluded  that the application of 86 kg/ha combined with 4 ton filter mud /ha  is the best level in terms of maximum vegetative growth, yield and yield components of Castle Rock tomato cultivar.

Filter mud, nitrogen, fertilization, tomato, growth, yield, Sudan

Article Details

How to Cite
Abuzaid, A. O., Osman, M. S., Elsiddig, E. A. M., & Abd-Elrahim, G. E. E. (2019). Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen and Filter Mud on Tomato Vegetative Growth Yield and Yield Components. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 4(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2019/v4i230013
Original Research Article


Willcox JK, Catignani GL, Lazarus S. Tomatoes and cardiovascular health. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2003;43(1):1–18.

Sharoni Y, Levi Y. Cancer prevention by dietary tomato lycopene and its molecular mechanisms. in Tomatoes, Lycopene and Human Health. Rao AV, Ed., Caledonian Science Press Ltd, Barcelona, Spain. 2006;111–125.

FAOSTAT Database.
(Accessed on 19 September 2017)

Sulieman EA, Awn MAK, Yousif TM. Suitability of some tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) genotypes for paste production. Journal of Science and Technology. 2011;12(02):45-51.

Hanadi EA, Mohammed IM, Salih EE. Value chain analysis for tomato production and marketing in Khartoum State, Sudan Curr Inves Agri Curr Res. 2018;5(4).

Pagaria Pand, Totawat KL. Reclamation of calcareous sodic soil of southwestern rajasthan using industrial waste. Adv. J. Develops. Res. 2011;2:167-170.

Partha N, Sivasubramanian VS. Recovery of chemicals from pressmud-A sugar industry waste. Indian Chem. Eng. Sec. 2006;48:160-163.

Mahmoud IH, Elkashif EM, Widaa IF. Effects of filter mud on growth and yield of three banana cultivars grown in Kenana Sugar scheme area, central Sudan. Gezira J. of agric. Sci. 2016;14(2):1-12.

Islam MR, Sikder S, Bahadur MM, Hafiz MHR. Effect of different fertilizer manage-ment on soil properties and yield of fine rice cultivar. Journal of Environ-mental Science and Natural Resources. 2012; 5(1):239-242.

Das A, Prasad M, Shivay YS, Subha KM. Productivity and sustainability of cotton (Gossypium hirsu-tum L)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L) cropping system as influenced by prilled urea, FYM and Azotobacter. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2004;190:298-304.

Elizabeth AW, John BM. Population density and nitrogen fertility effects on tomato growth and yield. Horticulture-Sci. 2003;38(3):367-372.

Olaniyi JO, Ojetayo AE. The effect of organomineral and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, fruit yield and quality of pepper (Capsicum frutescence). J. Anim. Plant Sci. 2010;8(3):1070-1076.

Tswanya MN, Olaniyi JO. Effects of mineral fertilizers on growth and fruit yield of tomato variety (Lycopersicon lycopersicum Mill.) In the Southern Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology. 2016;2(9):147-153.

Abdelhalim ST. Development and integration of biocontrol products in branched broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa) management in Tomato. Ph.D. Thesis University of Kassel, Sweden; 2012.

Kumar V, Chopra AK. Effects of sugarcane pressmud on agronomical characteristics of hybrid cultivar of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) under field conditions. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult. 2016;5:149–162.

Isah AS, Amans EB, Odion EC, Yusuf AA. Growth rate and yield of two tomato varieties (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) under green manure and NPK fertilizer rate Samaru northern guinea savanna. International Journal of Agronomy. 2014;1- 8.

Tonfack LB, Bernadac A, Youmbi E, Mbouapouognigni VPl, Ngueguim M, Akoa A. Impact of organic and inorganic fertilizers on tomato vigor, yield and fruit composition under tropical andosol soil conditions. Fruits. 2009;64(3):167-177.

Nawaz M, Chattha UM, Chattha M, Munir H, Riaz A. Sugarcane processing by-product compost supplemented with inorganic fertilizers improve the growth, yield quality of spring planted sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). J Agric. Res. 2016;54(4):631-645.

Andersen PC, Rhoads FM, Olson SM, Brodbeck BV. Relationships of nitrogenous compounds in petiole sap of tomato to nitrogen fertilization and the value of these compounds as a predictor of yield. Hort Science. 1999;34:254–258.

Wien HC, Minotti L. Response of fresh-market tomatoes to nitrogen fertilizer and plastic mulch in a short growing season. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 1988;113:61-65.

Ogundare SK, Oloniruh JA, Ayodele FG, Bello IA. Effect of different spacing and urea application rates on fruit nutrient composition, growth and yield of tomato in derived savannah vegetation of Kogi State, Nigeria. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 2015;6:2227-2233.

Samaila AA, Amans EB, Babaji BA. Yield and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentun Mill) as influenced by mulching, nitrogen and irrigation interval. Int. Resour. J. Agric. Sci. 2011;1:90-95.

Olaoye G, Takim FO, Aduloju MO. Impact of tillage operation on the fruit yield of six exotic tomato varieties on an Alfisol in the Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. 2007;396-399.

Ibrahim KHM, Fadni OAS. Effect of organic fertilizers application on growth, yield and quality of tomatoes in north Kordofan (sandy soil) western Sudan. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2013;3(4): 299-304.

Hassan EA, Ali EF, Ali AF. The enhancement of plant growth, yield and some chemical constituents of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) plants by filter mud cake and potassium treatments. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2010;4(5):948-956.

Ayoola OT, Adeniyan ON. Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilizer on yield and yield components of crops under different cropping systems in south west Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006;5(15):1386-1392.

Islam MA, Sumiya I, Akter A, Rahman MH, Nandwani D. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil properties and the growth, yield and quality of tomato in Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Agricultur. 2017;7(18):1-7.

Arif M, Tasneem M, Bashir F, Yaseen G, Iqbal RM. Effect of integrated use of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on yield and yield components of rice. J. Agric. Res. 2014;52(2):197-206