Effects of Poultry Manure, N. P. K Fertilizer and Their Combination on the Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper

Main Article Content

P. Atta Poku Snr
C. G. Kyere
P. A. Poku Jnr
E. Oppong
G. Twumasi


The objective of the experiment was to investigate the influence of organic (poultry) manure, inorganic manure (N.P.K) and their combination on the growth and yield of sweet pepper in the transitional zone of Ghana. The experiment was conducted at the research field of the College of Agriculture Education, University of Education Winneba, Mampong campus in 2017. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) which consisted of four treatments with 4 replications. The treatment groups were: Control (no soil amendment), 10 t/ha PM, 300 kg/ha N.P.K, and 5 t/ha PM + 150 kg/ha N.P.K. All the treatments were given fair and equal attention in terms of watering, weeding and disease and pest control. The result showed that 10 t/ha PM recorded (P=.05) the tallest plant height, greater number of leaves and leaf area per plant, days taken for 50% bud appearance and flowering, the highest number of flowers per plant and the minimum days to fruit set, highest number of fruit set minimum days to harvesting with the control been the least in all traits. Similarly, 10 t/ha PM recorded (P=.05) had the highest number of fruits per plant, average fruit weight and fruit yield while the control treatment recorded the least in all traits. This study concludes that the application of poultry manure improves the productivity of sweet pepper. This study recommends that 10 t/ha PM is an ideal for maximum vegetative growth and yield of sweet pepper.

Sweet pepper, poultry manure, N.P.K fertilizer, vegetative growth, yield.

Article Details

How to Cite
Snr, P. A. P., Kyere, C. G., Jnr, P. A. P., Oppong, E., & Twumasi, G. (2020). Effects of Poultry Manure, N. P. K Fertilizer and Their Combination on the Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 5(1), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i130039
Original Research Article


Tripathy P, Maity TK. Evaluation of Kharif Okra hybrids under reduced level of chemical fertilizers. Orissa Journal of Horticulture. 2011;36(1):1-7.

Lampkin NH. Organic farming. In: S. Padel (ed.). Soil sickness and soil fertility. Cab Publisher, Wallingford, USA; 2000.

Norton RM, Howie P, Walker C. Soil test values and nutrient balances from a long term fertilizer experiment. 16th Australian Agronomy Conference; 2012.

Adhikari P, Khanal A, Subedi R. Effect of different sources of organic manure and chemical fertilizers on growth and yield of sweet pepper. Advances in Plants and Agriculture Research. 2016;3(5):00111.

Gobinath KA, Supradip S, Banshi LM, Kundu S, Gupta HS. Effect of organic manures and integrated nutrient management on yield potential of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties and on soil properties. Journal of Agronomy and Soil Science. 2011;54:127-137.

Kumar M, Baishya LK, Ghosh DC, Ghosh M, Gupta VK, Verma MR. Effect of organic manures, chemical fertilizers and biofertilizers on growth and productivity of rainfed potato in the Eastern Himalayas. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2013;36:1065-1082.

Adu SV. Soils of the Nasia basin. Memoir No. 6. Soil Research Institute. Kumasi; 1995.

Hazelton P, Murphy B. Interpreting soil test results: What do all the numbers mean? 2nd Edition. CSIRO Publishing, Australia; 2007.

Asiamah RD. Soils Suitability of Ashanti Region. Soil Research Institute (S.R.I). Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Kwadaso, Ghana. Report. 1998;19:321.

Meteorological Services Department (MSD). Annual Reports. Mampong Municipal Assembly, Mampong-Ashanti, Ashanti Region, Ghana; 2017.

Steel GD, Torrie JH. Principles and procedures of statistics. McGraw Hill Co. Inc. New York; 1980.

Pariari A, Khan S. Integrated nutrient management of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) in Gangetic alluvial plains. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2013;9(2):128-130.

Shiva KN, Srinivasan V, Zachariah TJ, Leela NK. Integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of paprika alike chillies (Capsicum annuum L.) Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 2015;24(2):92-97.

Leela PR, K. Balaswamy A, Ramachandra RC, Masthan S. Evaluation of integrated nutrient management practices on growth, yield and economics of Green chilli cv. Pusa Jwala (Capsicum annuum L.). International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2015;6(1):076 080.

Tajungsola J, Vijay BR, Prasad VM, Carol L. Effect of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on growth and yield of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Hybrid Indam Bharath in Shade Net Condition. International Journal of Current Micro-biology and Applied Science. 2017;6(8): 1010-1019.

Sree KMR, Satyakeerthi MRP, Kumari MV. Studies on the use of high grade rock phosphate as direct fertilizer along with Integrated Plant Nutrient System (IPNS) components. Phosphate Rich Organic Manure an Alternate to Phosphatic Fertilizers. 2004;70-87.

Rasoli S, Forghani A. Effect of organic manure on micronutrient availability in different soils. 18th World Congress of Soil Science, Philadelphia, Pennyslvania; 2006.