Relationship between Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbohydrate Content of Mangifera indica cv. Harumanis in Response to Girdling and Paclobutrazol
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Volume 9, Issue 4,
Girdling and paclobutrazol have been related with the effects on the photosynthetic capacity and carbohydrate content of plants. The physiological changes caused by these methods distress the growth and development of plants in general. A field experiment was carried out from August 2021 to June 2022 on 5 years of open-field Mangifera indica cv. Harumanis trees grown at Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Serdang, Selangor. The objective of this experiment was to understand the relationship between girdling, paclobutrazol application, combined methods and untreated trees on plant photosynthetic performances and carbohydrate content in the leaves. The treatments were performed on 1st December 2021, and the measurements of leaf gas exchanges and carbohydrate content were performed 4th weeks later on fully expanded leaves shoot, experiencing similar light exposure. In the study, the combination of girdling and paclobutrazol application resulted in a significant decrease in photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration rate (Tr) but significantly increase in intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) and carbohydrate content.
- Carbohydrate content
- Mangifera indica cv. Harumanis
- photosynthetic capacity
How to Cite
Nasron N, Ghazali NS, Shahidin NM, Mohamad AA, Pugi SA, Razi NM. Soil suitability assessment for Harumanis mango cultivation in UiTM Arau, Perlis. Proceeding of the advanced geospatial and surveying conference. Malaysia. Perlis. 2020;012007.
Sani MA, Abbas H, Jaafar MN, Bahagia MAG. Morphological characterisation of Harumanis mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) in Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research. 2018;4(1):45.
Shaidatul Azdawiyah AT, Muhamad Hafiz MH, Mohd Aziz R, Zul Helmey MS, Muhammad Zamir AR, Wan Mahfuzah WI, Mohammad Hariz AR, Mohd Ghazali R, Syarol Nizam AB, Mohd Alif OM. Effects of environmental temperature and precipitation pattern on growth stages of Mangifera indica cv. Harumanis mango. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2020; 12(12).
Uda MNA, Subash C, Gopinath B, Hashim U, Asyraf H, Afnan MN, Aminudin A, Bakar MAA, Sulaiman MK, Parmin NA. Harumanis mango: Perspectives in disease management and advancement using interdigitated electrodes (IDE) nano-biosensor. Proceeding of the 2nd Joint Conference on Green Engineering Technology and Applied Computing; Thailand. Bangkok. 2020;864
Muhamad Hafiz MS, Hartinee A, Dalila N, Zul Helmey MS, Razali M, Siti Aisyah A, Wan Mohd Reza WI, Shaidatul Azdawiyah AT. Effect of multilocation production on the reproductive growth, yield, and quality of Harumanis mango. International Journal of Current Advanced Research. 2019; 8(04):18175-18180.
Nur Afiqah A. Growth, physiological and biochemical responses as affected by paclobutrazol for flowering induction on water induced stress mango plants (Mangifera indica L. cv. Harumanis). [Masters thesis]. Universiti Putra Malaysia; 2015.
Rosidah M, Faridah H, Jamaliah MY, Norzaidi MD. Examining market accessibility of Malaysia’s Harumanis mango in Japan: Challenges and potentials. Business Strategy Series. 2010; 11(1):3-12.
Cho LH, Yoon J, An G. The control of flowering time by environmental factors. The Plant Journal. 2017;90(4):708-719.
Halder B, Bandyopadhyay J. Evaluating the impact of climate change on urban environment using geospatial technologies in the planning area of Bilaspur, India. Environmental Challenges. 2021;5: 100286.
Malshe KV, Haldankar PM, Patil SS. Effect of foliar application of plant growth regulators on seasonal variation in physiological behavior in mango cv. Alphonso. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2020;9(6):1629-1642. Available:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.201.
Hahn F, Valle S, Navarro-Gomez C. Pruning and water saving management effects on mango high-density and mature orchards. Agronomy. 2022;12:2623.
Venkata Subbaiah K, Reddy NN, Reddy MLN. Effect of paclobutrazol and other chemicals on yield and quality of mango cv. Banganpalli. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology. 2017;6(3):1809-1819.
Prates AR, Zuge PGU, Leonel S, Souza JMA, Avila JD. Flowering induction in mango tree: updates, perspectives and options for organic agriculture. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Tropical. 2021;51.
Kumar A, Ram S, Bis L, Singh C. Paclobutrazol boost up for fruit production: A review. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. 2020; 1(1):019-031.
Azizi S, Rana VS, Sharma S, Chauhan J, Kumar V. Effect of girdling on yield and quality of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa Chev.) raised through different propagation methods. Indian Journal of Ecology. 2022; 49(2):496-501.
Ran J, Guo W, Hu C, Wang X, Li P. Adverse effects of long-term continuous girdling of jujube tree on the quality of jujube fruit and tree health. Agriculture. 2022;12(7):922.
Shivashankara KS, Geetha GA, Roy TK. Influence of girdling on flower sex ratio, biochemical constituents, and fruit set intensity in mango (Mangifera indica L.). Biologia Plantarum. 2019;63: 432-439.
Bottcher C, Boss PK, Harvey KE, Burbidge CA, Davies C. Peduncle-girdling of Shiraz (Vitis vinifera L.) bunches and sugar concentration at the time of girdling affect wine volatile compounds. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research. 2018;24:206–218.
Isogimi T, Matsushita M, Nakagawa, M. Species-specific sprouting pattern in two dioecious Lindera shrubs: The role of physiological integration. Flora. 2014;209:718–724.
Gawankar MS, Haldankar PM, Salvi BR, Parulekar YR, Dalvi NV, Kulkarni MM, Saitwal YS, Nalage NA. Effect of Girdling on Induction of Flowering and Quality of Fruits in Horticultural Crops: A review. Advanced Agricultural Research and Technology Journal. 2019;3(2):201-215.
Zepeda AC, Heuvelink E, Marcelis LFM. Non-structural carbohydrate dynamics and growth in tomato plants grown at fluctuating light and temperature. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2022;3:968881.
Asao S, Ryan MG. Carbohydrate regulation of photosynthesis and respiration from branch girdling in four species of wet tropical rain forest trees. Tree Physiology. 2015; 35:608–620.
Williams LE, Retzlaff WA, Yang W, Biscay PJ, Ebisuda N. Effect of Girdling on leaf gas exchange, water status, and non-structural carbohydrates of field- grown Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Flame Seedless). American Journal of Enology and Viticulture. 2000;51(1):49-54.
Lopez R, Brossa R, Gil L, Pita P. Stem girdling evidences a trade-off between cambial activity and sprouting and dramatically reduces plant transpiration due to feedback inhibition of photosynthesis and hormone signaling. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2015;6:285.
Abdalla N, Taha, N, Bayoumi Y, Ramady HE, Syalaby TA. Paclobutrazol applications in agriculture, plant tissue cultures and its potential as stress ameliorant: A mini review. Environment, Biodiversity and Soil Security. 2021; 5(1):245–257
Desta B, Amare G. Paclobutrazol as a plant growth regulator. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture. 2021;8(1).
Zhao I, Zhao J, Lai H, Chen BC, B Mengjie ZM, Zhao YL, Liu Y, Xiangdong L, Li X, Yang DYD. Effects of paclobutrazol application on plant architecture, lodging resistance, photosynthetic characteristics, and peanut yield at different single-seed precise sowing densities. The Crop Journal; 2022.
Nyan TM, Yahya A, Izham A, Ranj SN. Gas exchange, growth and flowering of lagerstroemia indica treated with different concentration and application techniques of paclobutrazol. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2017;16(1):37-44.
Roseli ANM, Ying TF, Ramlan MF. Morphological and physiological response of Syzygium myrtifolium (Roxb.) walp. to paclobutrazol. Sains Malaysiana. 2012;41(10):1187–1192.
Xu LJ, Liu HX, Wu J, Xu CY. Paclobutrazol improves leaf carbon-use efficiency by increasing mesophyll conductance rate, while abscisic acid antagonizes this increased rate. Photosynthetica. 2020; 58(3):762-768.
Upreti KK, Prasad SRS, Reddy YTN, Rajeshwara AN. Paclobutrazol induced changes in carbohydrates and some associated enzymes during floral initiation in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Totapuri. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2014;19(4):317-323.
Rodrigues LCA, Castro EM, Pereira FJ, Malileque IF, Barbosa JPRAD, Rosado SCS. Effects of paclobutrazol on leaf anatomy and gas exchange of Toona ciliata clones. Australian Forestry. 2016; 79(4):241-247.
Christiaens A. Factors affecting flower development and quality in rhododendron simsii. [PhD Thesis]. Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; 2014.
Hedge JE, Hofreiter BT. Determination of total carbohydrates by anthrone method, In: Whistler RL, Be Miller JN, editor. Carbohydrate chemistry 17. New York: Academic Press; 1962.
Sarker BC, Rahim MA. Influence of paclobutrazol on growth, yield and quality of mango. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018;43(1).
Opio P, Tomiyama H, Saiyo T, Ohkawa K, Ohara H, Kondo S. Paclobutrazol elevates auxin and abscisic acid, reduces gibberellins and zeatin and modulates their transporter genes in Marubakaido apple (Malus prunifolia Borkh. var. ringo Asami) rootstocks. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2020;155(1):502- 511.
Bharath P, Gahir S, Raghavendran AS. Abscisic acid induced stomatal closure: An important component of plant defense against abiotic and biotic stress. Frontier of Plant Science. 2021;12(1):615114.
Agurla S, Gahir S, Munemasa S, Murata Y, Raghavendra AS. Mechanism of stomatal closure in plants exposed to drought and cold stress. Advances in Experimental and Biology. 2018;1081:215-232.
Tang GL, Li XY, Zeng FJ. Different causes of photosynthetic decline and water status in different stages of girdling in Alhagi sparsifolia Shap. (Fabaceae). Brazilian Journal of Botany. 2016;39(2):19-529.
Urban L, Alphonsout L. Girdling decreases photosynthetic electron fluxes and induces sustained photoprotection in mango leaves. Tree Physiology. 2007;7:354- 352.
Sousa K, Lopes PRC, Cavalcante I, Filho JC, Silva LDS, Pereira ECV, Silva JTL., Impact of paclobutrazol on gibberellin-like substances and soluble carbohydrates in pear trees grown in tropical semiarid. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. 2022;54(1):46-56.
Wu Y, Sun M, Zhang J, Zhang L, Ren Z, Min R, Wang X, Xia Y. Differential effects of paclobutrazol on the bulblet growth of oriental lily cultured In vitro: Growth behavior, carbohydrate metabolism, and antioxidant capacity. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 2019;38(2):359- 72.
Hua S, Zhang Y, Yu H, Lin B, Di H, Zhang D, Ren Y, Fhang, Z. Paclobutrazol pplication effects on plant height, seed yield and carbohydrate metabolism in canola. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 2014;16(3):471-479.
Ashraf N, Ashraf M. Response of growth inhibitor paclobutrazol in fruit crops. (Prunus, Intech Open: Ed. Kuden A, Ali A) 2020:92883.
Wieland WF, Wample RL. Effects of paclobutrazol on growth, photosynthesis and carbohydrate content of 'delicious' apples. Scientia Horticulturae. 1985;26: 139-147.
Hazis NH, Aznan AA, Jaafar MN, Azizan FA, Ruslan R, Rukunudin IH. Assessment of carbohydrate contents in Perlis Harumanis mango leaves during vegetative and productive growth. Proceeding of the International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing and Industry Applications; 2018 August 15-17; Malaysia. Sarawak. 2018;012025.
Chai L, Li Q, Wang H, Wang C, Xu J, Yu H, Jiang W. Girdling alters carbohydrate allocation to increase fruit size and advance harvest in tomato production. Scientia Horticulturae. 2021;276:109675.
Quentin A, Close D, Hennen L, Pinkard, E. Down-regulation of photosynthesis following girdling, but contrasting effects on fruit set and retention, in two sweet cherry cultivars. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2013;73:359-367.
Abstract View: 112 times
PDF Download: 28 times