Nuclear Technology in Horticulture: Boosting Productivity, Controlling Pests, Conserving Water

Jitendra Chaurasia *

Department of Fruit Science, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

V. K. Tripathi

Department of Horticulture and Fruit Science, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Riddhima Tripathi

Department of Fruit Science, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Horticulture faces significant challenges due to the destruction of crops by pests and diseases, both before and after harvesting, resulting in a significant reduction in crop production. Nuclear technology has emerged as a valuable tool for enhancing agricultural productivity. Despite the common association of nuclear technology with energy and weaponry, its use in Horticulture is diverse and multifaceted. Physical mutagens such as nuclear radiation, including gamma rays, X-rays, and UV light, as well as particle radiation, can be employed to induce chromosomal breakages, cross-linking of DNA strands, nucleotide deletion, and substitution. UV rays can be used to irradiate cell suspensions and pollen grains in the early or late uninucleate phases. Through the application of nuclear technology, agricultural productivity can be improved by increasing crop yields, controlling pests and diseases, and enhancing water quality. Food preservation can also be achieved through food irradiation, where ionizing radiation is applied to target pathogens to break their DNA bonds. Nuclear technology can also be utilized to induce beneficial mutations in crops through genetic modification, sterilization-based pest control, and water usage management. In conclusion, nuclear technology presents an innovative and effective solution for addressing challenges in Horticulture, thus contributing significantly to global food security.

Keywords: Mutagenesis, sterile insect technique, crop improvement, food irradiation, water use efficiency


How to Cite

Chaurasia , J., Tripathi , V. K., & Tripathi , R. (2023). Nuclear Technology in Horticulture: Boosting Productivity, Controlling Pests, Conserving Water. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 10(4), 178–182. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2023/v10i4258

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