Diallel Analysis of the Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Southern Regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Boysunov Nurzod Bekmurodovich *

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

Juraev Diyor Turdikulovich

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

Dilmurodov Sherzod Dilmurodovich

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

Nurillaev Ilhom Xolbekovich

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

Begmatov Bekzod Elmurodovich

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

Karimov Abduxoliq Abdullayevich

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Karshi, 730000, Kashkadarya Region, Uzbekistan.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Diallel analysis assumes that the genetic interactions contributing to trait variation can be adequately captured by GCA and SCA effects. However, in reality, genetic interactions can be more complex, involving higher-order epistatic interactions, pleiotropy, and other factors that are not accounted for in the traditional diallel analysis, for this purpose, studies were conducted to study the combinatorial ability of wheat varieties widely planted in Uzbekistan.

The mode of inheritance for the 1000- kernel weight, vegetation period, plant height, vitreousity, grain yield, mass of grain in the ear and productive accumulation of 4x4 full diallel crosses of wheat varieties was estimated in F1 generation. The results indicated significant differences between the parents for Generаl Combining Ability and cross for Specific Combining Ability, reciprocal effect for 1000- kernel weight, vegetation period, plant height, vitreousity, grain yield, mass of grain in the ear and productive accumulation. However, analysis of variance of combining capable for grain yield indicated that Generаl Combining Ability and Reciprocal effects were highly importance while Specific Combining Ability. Highly significant Generаl Combining Ability and Specific Combining Ability variances showed the predominance of additive, epistatic and dominant genes in controlling this character.

In the process of hybridization, the application of the original biped gene is important, and for its appearance in the generation, it is necessary to choose a positive line of General Combining Ability. In this way, it will be possible to pre-estimate the characteristics of the future.

A positive and negative heterozygosity for the parent was found for the studied trait, which increased the genetic diversity of the parents.

Keywords: General combining ability, specific combining ability, bread wheat, plant height


How to Cite

Bekmurodovich , B. N., Turdikulovich , J. D., Dilmurodovich , D. S., Xolbekovich , N. I., Elmurodovich , B. B., & Abdullayevich , K. A. (2023). Diallel Analysis of the Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Southern Regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 10(4), 205–213. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2023/v10i4262

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bing Liu, Senthold Asseng, Christoph Müller, Frank Ewert, Joshua Elliott, David B. Lobell, Pierre Martre, Alex C. Ruane, Daniel Wallach, James W. Jones; et al. Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods. //Nature Climate Change. 2016;6:1130-1136. Available: 10.1038/nclimate3115.

Nurunnaher Akter, M. Rafiqul Islam. Heat stress effects and management in wheat. A review. //Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2017;37:17. Available:10.1007/s13593-017-0443-9.

https://www.Statista.com

Topal A, Aуdэn C, Akgun N, Babaoglu M. Diallel cross analуsis in durum wheat (T.durum Desf.): identification of best parents for some kernel phуsical features. // Field Crops Research. 2004;87; 1-12.

Bao У, Wang S, Wang X, Wang У, LI X. and et. al. Heterosis and combining abilitу for major уield traits of a new wheat germplasm Shannong 0095 derived from Thinopуrum intermedium. //Agricultural Sciences in China. 2009;8(6):753-760.

Fethi B, Mohamed EG. Epistasis and genotуpe-bу environment interaction of grain уield related traits in durum wheat. // Plant Breeding and Crop Sci. 2010; 2(2):24-29.

SK Jain, EVD Sastrу. Heterosis and combining abilitу for grain уield and its contributing traits in bread wheat (T.estivum L.) // Research & Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences. 2012;1(1):17-22.

Ignatieva E. Yu. Combination ability of varieties and promising lines of spring soft wheat by productivity elements // Innovative development of agricultural production in Siberia: collection of articles. mat. III scientific. conf. Young Scientists of Universities "Agricultural Education". 2005;32-36.

Ignatieva E. Yu. Combination ability of varieties and promising lines of spring soft wheat by productivity elements // Innovative development of agricultural production in Siberia: coll. mat. III scientific. conf. young scientists of universities "Agricultural Education". 2005;32-36.

Grebennikova IG. Diallel analysis in triticale breeding // Status and problems of agricultural science in Altai: collection of scientific papers. Russian Agricultural Academy, State Scientific Institution Altai Research Institute of Agriculture. – Barnaul. 2010;225-232.

Novoselovic D, Baric M, Drezner G. Quantitative inheritance of some wheat plant traits // Genetics and Molecular Biologu. 2004;27:92-98.

Ljubicic N, Petrovic S, Hristo N, Banjac B. The mode of inheritance and gene effects for the grain number per spice in different wheat genotupes // Contemporary Agriculture. 2015;64(3-4):229-235.

Dremlyuk GK. Evaluation of the general and specific combinational ability of sterile lines of grain sorghum / G.K. Dremlyuk // Bulletin c.-x. Science. 1980:67-70.

Dilmurodovich DS, Bekmurodovich BN, Shakirjonovich KN, Shomiljonovich SS, Raxmatullaevich AJ. Productivity, quality and technological characteristics of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum l.) Variety and lines for the southern regions of the republic of uzbekistan. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2021;22(7-8), 63–74. Available:https://www.ikppress.org/index.php/pcbmb/article/view/5935

Griffing B. Concepts of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallelcrossing systems / B. Griffing // Austral. J Biol. Sci. 1956;9:463-493.

Barot HG, Patel MS, Sheikh WA, Patel LP, Allam CR. Heterosis and combining abilitа analуsis for uield and its component traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). electr. J. Plant Breed. 2014;5(3): 350-359.

Singh V, Krishna R, Singh S, Vikram P. Combining abilitа and heterosis analуsis for wield traits in bread wheat (Triticumaestivum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2012;82(11): 916–21.

Van Damme V, Gomez-Paniaqua H, de Vicente MC. The GCP molecular marker toolkit, an instrument for use in breeding food security crops //Mol.Breeding. 2011;(28):597-603.

Nazan D. Genetic analуsis of grain uield spike-1 and some agronomic traits in diallel crosses of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Turk. J. Agric. 2008;(32): 249-258.

Boysunov NB. et al. Diallel analysis for 1000-kernel weight in winter wheat // Fundamental and Applied Scientific Research: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations. 2021;S. 52-54.