Climate Control and Irrigation Automation Systems in Turkish Greenhouses: A Comparative Study
Issue: 2023 - Volume 10 [Issue 4]
Turgut Felek *
Department of Agricultural Machinery and Tech. Eng, Inst. of Natural and Applied Sciences, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.
Department of Agricultural Machinery and Tech. Eng, Fac. of Agriculture, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Today's modern greenhouse agriculture draws attention with its intensive plant production capacity and industrially advanced structure in which soilless agriculture technology is used. Computer, microprocessor-controlled information processing and automation systems are needed for the effective management and operation of greenhouses. In order to meet the demands according to the plant species planned to be produced in soilless modern greenhouses; Equipment such as signal-sensing, heating, ventilation, shading, irrigation, fertilization, fogging-cooling, carbon dioxide fertilization and greenhouse general climate control system are needed. According to the needs of the plant, sub-equipment (suitable for obtaining the correct climate conditions desired in the greenhouse) such as roof windows, heating, irrigation, cooling, shading, fan ventilation should work according to the signals coming from the sensors. In this study, the data of 4 different commercial automation systems (namely Priva, Hortimax, Hoogendoorn and Karaca) in 5 greenhouse enterprises in different parts of Turkey were examined and screenshots were obtained. The data obtained were compared with each other and evaluated in terms of ease of use, performance, measured elements, capacity etc. This research will provide added value to the greenhouse economy of countries in the next stages of undercover agriculture, as it will serve to understand greenhouse automation and subsequently to develop new systems. It will also be helpful to the greenhouse investors to make the right choice while choosing a greenhouse automation system.
Keywords: Greenhouse automation systems, modern greenhouse, climate control systems, irrigation systems
How to Cite
ÇAYIROĞLU İ, Erkaymaz H, Computer-aided home automation with remote landline access. Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences. 2007; 13(3):379-385.
Çağlayan N, A study on the automation of the butterfly type ventilation system in a plastic greenhouse, Akdeniz University; 2006.
Kürklü A, Çağlayan N, A study on the development of greenhouse automation systems. Akdeniz University Faculty of Agriculture Journal. 2005;18(1):25-34.
Baytürk M, Çetin G, Çetin A, Internet-based greenhouse automation system application designed with embedded server. Journal of Information Technologies. 2013;6(2):53.
Bingol O, et al., Web-based smart home automation: PLC-controlled implementation. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica. 2014;11(3):51-63.
Nederhoff E, Houter B, Smarter greenhouse climate control. Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses. 2011; (117):35-39.
Katsoulas N, et al., Effect of vent openings and insect screens on greenhouse ventilation. Biosystems Engineering. 2006; 93(4):427-436.
Teitel M, et al., Effect of wind direction on greenhouse ventilation rate, airflow patterns and temperature distributions. Biosystems Engineering. 2008;101(3): 351-369.
Mistriotis A, et al., Analysis of the efficiency of greenhouse ventilation using computational fluid dynamics. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 1997;85(3-4): 217-228.
Shamshiri RR, et al, Advances in greenhouse automation and controlled environment agriculture: A transition to Plant Factories and Urban Agriculture; 2018.
Siddiqui MF, et al. Automation and monitoring of greenhouse. in 2017 International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICICT). IEEE; 2017.
Waykole UA, Agrawal DG. Greenhouse automation system. in 1st International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering & Technology; 2012.
Yılmaz C, Seralar için fonksiyonlu akıllı kontrol sistemleri. VI. Kontrol Otomasyon ve Yapı Elektronik Sistemleri Sempozyumu, İzmir-Türkiye; 2013.
Li G, et al. Factors affecting greenhouse microclimate and its regulating techniques: A review. in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.. IOP Publishing; 2018
Candido A, et al., Embedded real-time system for climate control in a complex greenhouse. International Agrophysics. 2007;21(1).
Zhi Z, et al. Evaluation of ventilation performance and energy efficiency of greenhouse fans. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering. 2015;8(1):103-110.
Linker R, Kacira M, Arbel A, Robust climate control of a greenhouse equipped with variable-speed fans and a variable-pressure fogging system. Biosystems Engineering. 2011;110(2):. 153-167.
Suzuki M, et al, Effects of relative humidity and nutrient supply on growth and nutrient uptake in greenhouse tomato production. Scientia Horticulturae. 2015;187:44-49.
Pawlowski A, et al., Evaluation of event-based irrigation system control scheme for tomato crops in greenhouses. Agricultural Water Management. 2017;183:16-25.