Effect of Organic Manure and Its Application Timing on the Growth and Yield of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)

Main Article Content

Sanjida Akhter
Tahmina Mostarin
Khaleda Khatun
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Ismita Akter Soniya
Shirajum Monira
Iffat Sharmin
Avijit Ghosh


An experiment was conducted at the Horticulture Farm, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, from October 2017 to February 2018. The experiment consisted of two factors, Factor A: Four levels of organic manures, viz. M0 = Control; M1 = Cowdung (35 t ha-1), M2 = Mustard oil cake (3.5 t ha-1) and M3 = Vermicompost. Factor B: Three application times, viz. T1 = 15 days before transplanting, T2 = Application at the time of transplanting and T3 = 15 days after transplanting. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. In the case of organic manure, the highest yield (38.70 t/ha) was found from M2 treatment, whereas the lowest yield (19.71t/ha) was recorded from M0 treatment. In the case of application time, the highest yield (31.83t/ha) was found from T1 treatment, whereas the lowest yield (28.10 t/ha) was recorded from T3   treatment. Due to combined effect maximum yield (38.704 t/ha) with net return (4,74,421tk) and BCR (2.20) was obtained from M2T1 treatment combination while the lowest yield (17.90 t/ha) with the lowest income (44,211 tk) and BCR (1.17) from M0T3 treatment combination. So, the economic analysis revealed that the M2T1 treatment combination appeared to be best for achieving the higher growth, yield and economic benefit of cauliflower.

Organic manure, application time, growth, yield, cauliflower.

Article Details

How to Cite
Akhter, S., Mostarin, T., Khatun, K., Haq, M. E., Soniya, I. A., Monira, S., Sharmin, I., & Ghosh, A. (2019). Effect of Organic Manure and Its Application Timing on the Growth and Yield of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis). Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 4(3), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2019/v4i330026
Original Research Article


Haque MR. Effect of fertilizer and manure on curd and seed yield of cauliflower. MS Thesis, Department of Horticulture, BSMRAU, Salna, Gazipur; 1999.

Yawalkar KS, Agrawal JP, Bokde S. Manures and Fertilizers. Agric. Horticultural Publishing House; Nagpur-440010, India. 1984;29-85.

Sinha RK, Agarwal S, Chaudhan K, Valani D. The wonders of earthworms and its vermicomposting in farm production: Charles Darwin’s friends of farmers’, with potential to replace destructive chemical fertilizers from agriculture. Agri. Sci. 2010; 1(2):76-94.

BARC (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council). Fertilizer Recommendation Guide - 1997. BARC, Soils pub., No - 4l, Bangladesh Agril. Res. Coun. Dhaka 1215. 1997;25:180.

Hussain MS, Mian IH, Tsuno K. Efficacy of three nematicides and two oil cakes for control of root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) on potato seedlings.Comp. Sci. Util. 1989;2(1):88- 96.

Ndukwe OO, Muoneke CO, Baiyeri KP. Effect of the time of poultry manure application and cultivar on the growth, yield and fruit quality of plantains (Musa spp. AAB) Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 2011; 14:261–270.

Thomsen IK. Crop N utilization and leaching losses as affected by time and method of application of farmyard manure. Europe. Journal of Agronomy. 2005;22:1-9.

Prestele C, Maync A. Organic nitrogen fertilizers for ecological vegetable cultivation. Gemuse-Munchen. Staatliche Lehr-und Versuchsanstalt, Neustadt, Germany. 2000;36(9):23-25.

Nahar N. Effect of different organic manure and seedling age on growth and yield of Chinese cabbage. MS Thesis. Department of Horticulture. SAU, Dhaka; 2007.

Rahman MM, Sarker MAM, Akter H, Islam, KR, Kashem MA. Role of some indigenous substances as organic fertilizers on the growth and yield of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) plants. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific arid Industrial Research. 1998; 33(2):275-281.

Tomati U, Galli E. The hormone-like effect of earthworm casts on plant growth. Biol. Fertil. Soils. 1988;5:288-294.

Ahmed MF. Effect of organic amendment of soil and their application time on the growth and yield of cauliflower. MS Thesis, Department of Horticulture, BSMRAU, Salna, Gazipur; 1999.

Thy S, Buntha P. Evaluation of fertilizer of fresh solid manure, composted manure or biodigester effluent for growing Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis). Livestock-Research-for-Rural Development, 2005;17 (3):26.

Thakur PC, Singh VP. Effect of organic manure on seed yield of late cauliflower. Haryana J. of Hort. Sc. Regional station. IARI, Katrain, Himachal Pradesh, India. 2001;30(4):282-283.

Hsieh C. An experiment on the organic farming of broccoli. Bulletin of Taichung District Agriculture Improvement Station. No. 53. 2004;18:35-40.

Mitra SK, Sadhu MK, Bose TK. Nutrition of vegetable crops. Naya Prokash, Calcutta 700006, India. 1990;157-160.

Palevich D. The effect of manure and fertilizer treatments on the yield of winter tomatoes in the Western Negev. Israel J. Agric. Res.1965;15:65-72.

Murlee Y, Chaudhary R, Singh DB. Performance of organic and inorganic fertilisers on growth and yield of cauliflower. Plant-Archives. 2007;7(1):245-246.

Ahmed KU. Gardeners Book of Production and Nutrition. Bunglo No. 2, Krishi Khamar Sharak, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1982;72.

Bevacqua RF, Mellano VJ. Cumulative effects of studge compost on crop yield and soil properties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 1994;25 (4):395-406.

Steffen Kl, Dann MS, Fager K, Fleischer SJ, Harper JK. Short term and long term impact of an initial large scale sms soil amendment on vegetable crop productivity and resource use efficiency. Comp. Sci. Mil. 1994;2(4): 75-83.