Distribution of Bacterial Disease in the Main Mango Production Areas of Côte d'Ivoire
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research,
Bacterial disease is a major biotic constraints of mango production in Côte d'Ivoire. The objective of this study is to assess the distribution of mango bacteriosis disease in mango production areas in northern Côte d'Ivoire. This study focused on 720 mango trees, of the Kent variety, spread over 20 orchards. These orchards are located in the Bagoué, Tchologo and Poro regions in northern Côte d'Ivoire. The study consisted of determining the incidence and severity of bacterial disease on the leaves and fruits of mango trees. Data on the incidence and severity index of bacterial disease on leaves and fruits were subjected to descriptive analysis followed by PCA. Then, the ascending hierarchical classification (CAH) and multivariate analysis completed the data analysis. The results obtained did not reveal any dissimilarity of the presence of the bacterial disease in the three (3) regions studied. On the other hand, a predominance of the severe or major type of bacterial disease over the level of slight or marginal contamination has been demonstrated. None of the three main regions (Poro, Tchologo and Bagoué) of mango production in Côte d'Ivoire appears to be the center of bacterial disease dispersion at the current stage of bacterial disease progression. The level of incidence and severity of this disease is similar between fruits and leaves. The Principal Component Analysis and the Ascending Hierachical Classification completed by the MANOVA made it possible to structure the mango orchards into three (3) homogeneous groups. Group 2 orchards (VB4, VB8, VB7 and VF2) presented a moderate level of incidence and severity on leaves and fruits.
- Mango tree
- bacterial disease
- spatiale distribution
- Ivory Coast
How to Cite
Trade H. Mango Symposium: increasing exports and competitiveness of fresh mango processed in Côte d'Ivoire. April 6-7, 2017 Olympe Korhogo Hotel, Ivory Coast, 2017;28.
CIRAD. (2018). Market Observatory, CIRAD. Fruit top N°255 mars /avril 2018, 79-95.
Minhibo MY, N’Da A, Djaha AJ-B, Kouakou CK, N’Da HA, Evariste BA, et Kébé I. Guide to recognizing cashew tree diseases. Didactic document, 2014;11.
Silué N, Soro S, Ouattara GM, Chérif M, Camara I, Sorho F, Ouali NM, Abo K, Koné M, et Koné D. Investigations on Major Cashew Diseases in Côte d’Ivoire. Proceedings of the Third International Cashew Conference, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 16-19th November 2015. Naliendele Agricultural Research Institute Mtwara Tanzania. 2015 ; 158 – 166.
Hamza AA. Taxonomy and diagnosis of Xanthomonas species associated with bacterial scab of tomato and Capsicum spp. : Situation in the South West Indian Ocean Islands. Agricultural science. University of Reunion. NNT: 2010LARE0022. Tel. 00819814. Mémoire de thèse. 2010;40–47 :245.
Djantou NEB. Optimization of the grinding of dried mangoes (Mangifera indica var Kent): Influence on the physicochemical and functional properties of the powders obtained. Doctoral thesis, National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine, National School of Agronomy and Food Industries, Laboratory of Food Science and Engineering, University of Ngaoundere. National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences, Laboratory of Biophysics, Food Biochemistry and Nutrition, 2006;149.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.05.063.
Association Interprofessionnelle Mangue Du Burkina (APROMAB). Report of the 2018 mango campaign review workshop. Bobo-Dioulasso, December 20 and 21, 2018;35.
Sayol R, Beaudou AG. Pedological study of the region of Boundiali - Korhogo (North of Côte d'Ivoire): methodology and detailed typology (morphology and analytical characteristics). Paris: ORSTOM, 1980 ; 281.
(Works and Documents of ORSTOM; 112).
Brou KG, Diarrassouba N, Doga D, Oro ZF, Leki KB, Kouassi KN, Dogbo DO. Evaluation of the Behavior of Cashew Genotypes against Anthracnose Disease Aggression in Agroforestry Farms in Northern Côte d'Ivoire. Asian Food Science Journal. 2021a;20(8):106-117,
Maxted N, Ford-Loyd BV, Hawkes JG. Plantgenetic conservation. The in situ approach, 1st edn. Chap-man and Hall, London ; 1997.
Diouf M, Diop M, Lô C, Drame KA, Sene E, Ba CO, Gueye M, Faye B. Prospecting for traditional African-type leafy vegetables in Senegal. J.A.C. herbal medicine, hweya, P.B. Eyzaguirre (Eds.), The Biodiversity of Traditional Leafy Vegetables, IPGRI. 1999; 111-154.
Cardoso JE, Freire FCO, Dos Santos AA,, Viana FMP. Diseases of cashew nut plants (Anacardium occidentale L.) in Brazil. Crop protection 21. 2001 ; 5 :489-494.
Dianda ZO, Woni I, Zombré C, Traoré O, Sérémé D, Boro F, Ouédraogo S. L. et Sankara P. Prevalence of mango desiccation and evaluation of the frequency of fungi associated with the disease in Burkina Faso. Journal of Applied Bioscience. 2018;126:12686-12699.
DOI : 10.4314/jab. v126i1.6.
Aka RA, Kouassi KN, Agneroh TA., Awancho NA, et Sangare A. Distribution of and incidence of cucumber mosaic disease (CMV) in industrial banana plantations in the South-East of Côte d'Ivoire. Science and Nature. 2009;6(2):171-183,13.
Zahri S, Farhi A, et Douira A. Status of the main leaf fungal diseases of wheat in Morocco in 2013. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2014;77: 6543-65549
ISSN 1997-5902; 7.
Bhagwat RG, Mehta BP, Pati VA, et Shama H. Screening of cultivars/ varieties against mango anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture research (IJOEAR). 2015;1 (1): 3.
Brou KG, Doga D, Diarrassouba N, Oro ZF, Leki KB, Kouassi KN, Dogbo DO. Evaluation of the Behavior of Cashew Genotypes against Anthracnose Disease Aggression in Agroforestry Farms in Northern Côte d'Ivoire. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science. 2021b ;6(3):1-13.
Cardoso JE., Santos AA, Rossetti AG, et Vidal JC. Relationship between incidence and severity of cashew gummosis in semiarid north-eastern Brazil. Plant Pathology, 2004; 53 (3):363-367.
Saddler GS, et Bradbury JF. Family I. Xanthomonadaeae fam. nov. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology second edition. J.T. New York: Springer. 2005; 2:63-90.
Febina M, Olson T, Marek L, Gulya T. et Markell S. Identification of sunflower accessions (Helianthus annuus) resistant to Diaporthe helianthi and Diaporthe gulayae. Prog. Phytosanitary. 2018 ; 19:97-102.
Available : https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-08-17-0043-RS.
Silue DK, Sylla Y, Mamidou WK, Kigninma O. Ethnobotanical study of plants used against malaria by traditional therapists and herbalists in the district of Abidjan (Ivory Coast). UFR Sciences de la Nature, Nangui Abrogoua University, BP 801 Abidjan 02, Ivory Coast ; 2018.
DOI: 10.4314 / ijbcs.v12i3.25.
Yah CS, GS Simate, K Moothi, S Maphuta. Synthesis of large carbon nanotubes from ferrocene: the chemical vapour deposition technique Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 2013; 6 (11):1270-1279.
Chrys C, Caragounis T. The Development of Greek and the New Testament. Morphology, Syntax, Phonology, and Textual Transmission (coll. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, 167). In: Revue théologique de Louvain, 37ᵉ année, fasc.4. 2006;566.
Abstract View: 81 times
PDF Download: 22 times