Assessment of Morphological Diversity and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Fifteen Betel Vine Varieties Cultivated Along the Odisha Coast

Sunil Kumar Gochhi *

Department of Environmental Science, Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, Balasore-756089, India.

Surjendu Kumar Dey

Department of Environmental Science, Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, Balasore-756089, India and Centre of Excellence for Bio-Resource Management and Energy Conservation Material Development, Fakir Mohan University, Balasore-756089, Odisha, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Betel vine (Piper betle) is a tropical evergreen plant renowned for its cultural and medicinal significance. With origins in Southeast Asia, its heart-shaped leaves, vibrant colors and aromatic properties contribute to its widespread cultivation. The study investigates the morphological diversity and vegetative growth parameters of fifteen betel vine varieties cultivated along the Odisha coast, with a focus on vine elongation, leaf dimensions, internodal length, leaf area, weight of fresh leaves, number of adventitious root production and the number of leaves per meter of vine. The results revealed significant variation among the varieties. Notably, vine elongation ranged from 39.5 to 68.8 cm/month, with the Golabandha varieties showing the highest rate. Leaf length varied from 8.84 to 20.24 cm, and the Chandrakana varieties displayed the longest leaves. Leaf breadth ranged from 4.46 to 15.3 cm, with the widest leaves found in Chandrakana varieties. Internodal length varied from 3.06 to 6.46 cm, with Gunthuni having the lowest internodes. Leaf area ranged from 38.04 to 177.37 cm2, with Chandrakana exhibiting the largest leaf area. Weight of fresh leaves varied significantly, with Chandrakana and Ralaba varieties having the highest and lowest weights, respectively. Cluster analysis grouped varieties based on their morphological characteristics, revealing distinct clusters related to leaf dimensions and growth parameters. Understanding the morphological diversity of betel vine varieties is crucial for identifying the superior varieties for sustainable cultivation and ensuring the quality of this culturally and economically significant crop.

Keywords: Betel vine, cluster analysis, growth parameters, morphological parameters Odisha coast


How to Cite

Gochhi, Sunil Kumar, and Surjendu Kumar Dey. 2024. “Assessment of Morphological Diversity and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Fifteen Betel Vine Varieties Cultivated Along the Odisha Coast”. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research 11 (1):58-67. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajahr/2024/v11i1305.

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