Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research (ISSN: 2581-4478)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers <a href="/index.php/AJAHR/general-guideline-for-authors">(Click here for Types of paper)</a> on all aspects of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research) (Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research) Thu, 01 Oct 2020 08:02:13 +0000 OJS 60 Genetic Diversity Assessment of Selected Annona muricata L. Germplasm in Sri Lanka <p><em>Annona muricata</em> L. commonly known as soursop is an underutilized fruit crop species in Sri Lanka gaining much importance in the recent past due to its high nutritional and medicinal value. Soursop germplasm collections are available within the country and assessing the genetic diversity is needed to proceed with conservation, detecting promising lines and breeding programs. This study was conducted to assess the genetic diversity of 50 soursop individuals using Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers. The study was conducted at Plant Genetic Resources Centre of the Department of Agriculture in Gannoruwa during 2017 to 2019. DNA of the 50 soursop samples were extracted using CTAB method and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was carried using 13 Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) Markers. PCR products were visualized using 1.5 percent Agarose gel electrophoresis under the Biorad Gel documentation system and analyzed using POPGENE 1.31. PCR amplified 139 bands from 13 ISSR markers among which 118 were found to be polymorphic. The polymorphic band percentage was 85 percent while as the average number of bands observed (Na) was 1.8489 and the effective allele number (Ne) was 1.5377. The Nei's gene diversity index (h) was 0.3079. The Shannon Information Index (I) found to be 0.4556. Dendrogram constructed based on the UPGMA method clustered the studied accessions into four major clusters at 80 percent similarity level. Results revealed considerable degree of genetic diversity existed within the studied soursop germplasms at Sri Lanka. Existing genetic diversity within soursop individuals will serve as germplasm bank to identify and utilize potential germplasm resources for conservation and future breeding programs to develop quality soursop varieties in Sri Lanka.</p> S. H. M. R. N. P. Samaradiwakara, W. L. G. Samarasinghe, P. G. S. Shantha, K. G. C. N. Jayarathna, P. Dehigaspitiya, N. M. Ubeysekera ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 30 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Fertilizer Use among Arable Farmers in Yola South, North-Eastern Part of Nigeria <p><strong>Aim:</strong> This paper aimed to assess the effectiveness of fertilizer use among arable farmers in Yola South North-eastern part of Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of the Study:</strong> The study was conducted at Yola South LGA of Adamawa State, Nigeria during September, 2019-July, 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Four (4) areas were selected in the area (Yolde pate, Bole, Mbamaba and Wuro-chekke) where 40 farmers were randomly selected from each farm location totaling to 160 farmers. The data obtained through administered questionnaires were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and effectiveness Test Value (ETV) method respectively.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result shows that soil type, vegetation cover and soil type were the most indicators of soil fertility among farmers in the area where most farmers used organic fertilizers than the inorganic or combined except at Wuor-chekke farm location. Broadcasting method of fertilizer application was found to be mostly adopted in the area. Similarly, Organic fertilizer was assessed to be highly effective (HE) in all the farm location except at Wuro-chekke while inorganic fertilizer was HE at Bole and the combine used of organic and inorganic fertilizers appeared HE except at Mbamba farm location. Moreover, broadcasting method was HE at Yolde pate and Wuro-chekke farm locations while band placing was HE at Bole and spot method found to be moderately effective (ME) except at Mbamba appeared not effective (NE) respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Intensive training to the farmers on modern strategies and techniques on fertilizer use through extension services should be conducted and timely provision of fertilizers to the target farmers should be considered by the relevant agencies in Yola area and the environment for the sustainable and profitable food production for the growing population.</p> A. A. Sadiq, Salamatu Ali Shuwa, Alice Daniel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Influencing Post-harvest Losses among Vegetable Farmers in Mbaitoli Local Government Area in Imo State <p>The study analyzed factors influencing post harvest losses among vegetables farmers in Mbaitoli Local Government Area in Imo state, Nigeria. Specifically the study ascertained the kind of vegetables produced; determined the quantity of output production of vegetables; determined the causes of post harvest losses among vegetable farmers; examined the factors affecting post harvest losses of vegetable; ascertained the effect of post harvest losses among vegetable farmers and identify possible strategies that can reduce losses among vegetable farmers. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used in the selection of ninety eight (98) respondents and a set of structured questionnaire was administered on them to obtain information. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive (frequency, percentages and chart) and inferential (multiple regression) statistics. Result showed that majority (51%) of the farmers cultivated leafy vegetables and the average quantity of vegetable produced was 142.35 kg. Farmers identified major causes of post harvest losses as pest (94.9%), disease (81.6%), lack of storage facility (80.6%) and poor handling of vegetable (71.4%). The major factors affecting post harvest losses were improper handling (87.8%), lack of credit facility (86.7%) and the possible strategies to reduce post harvest were use of improved processing and preservation method (91.8%), access to appropriate technology (88.8%), adequate post harvest handling (87.8%). The study recommends that, the extension agents through the aids of federal government, should train rural, urban and sub- urban farmers on post harvest, processing and marketing technology.</p> Egwuonwu, Helen Adeola ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Combating Flash Flood in Haor Areas: Strategic Adaptation towards Sustainable Crop Production <p>In <em>Haor</em> areas of Bangladesh agricultural activities are limited to four - five months of a year due to water logged condition and <em>boro</em> rice is the prominent crop grown within this short time span in dry season. But farmers often had to face almost total crop failure due to recurrent flash flood events. This paper attempts to evaluate <em>Haor</em> farmers’ adaptation through adopting strategies in securing <em>boro</em> rice from flash flood damage at pre-mature and mature stages. To reach this objective, a pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect data from randomly selected 115 <em>Haor</em> farmers from February to May, 2020 while Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were also done as necessary during the research work. Results revealed that cultivation of short duration <em>boro</em> rice variety ranked top followed by practicing varietal diversification and early harvesting of rice (at 80% maturity) as the most significant adaptive strategies in securing <em>boro</em> rice. Obtained results also highlighted the possibilities of attaining desirable resilience through change in the adaptation behavior of <em>Haor</em> farmers’ if the identified farming practices are widely promoted and adopted. Hence, any development plans for <em>Haor</em> area should integrate local knowledge with modern strategies thus resulting a location specific sustainable flash flood adaptation policy.</p> Smita Dash Baishakhy, Mohammad Ashraful Islam, Md. Ruhul Amin, Fahmida Husain Choudhury ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 22 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000