Open Access Original Research Article

Egg Characteristics in Two Strains of Japasese Quail Eggs (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Udoh, Jessie Ezekiel, Adeoye, Adelani Abayomi, Mbaba, Ekaette Ndifreke

Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i230044

 

The study evaluated effect of strain on external and internal egg indices of two strains of Japanese quails (Cinnamon Brown (CBS) and Panda White (PWS) Strains)). 300 birds per Strain were reared in a Completely Randomized Design in an intensive system of management practice with ad libitum feed and water for 10 weeks. Strains were considered treatments. 300 eggs were used for  External (Egg Weight (EW), Egg Length (EL), Egg Width (EW), Eggshell Weight (SW), Shell Thickness (ST) and  Internal (Yolk Height (YH), Yolk Diameter (YD), Albumen Weight (AW), Albumen Diameter (AD), Albumen Height (AH), Haugh Unit (Hu)) egg parameters. Data were subjected to ANOVA of SAS Ver.9.2. Strain significantly (p < 0.05) affected all external egg parameters of Japanese quails except EW measured. The mean values obtained in EL (2.90 ± 0.01 cm) and ED (2.47 ± 0.01 cm) for PWS were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than that of CBS with 2.86 ± 0.01 (EL) and 2.36 ± 0.0 (ED) while 0.82 ± 0.01 g (SW) and 0.11 ± 0.02 cm (ST) for CBS were higher (p < 0.05) significantly than 0.80 ± 0.01 g (SW) and 0.07 ± 0.01 (ST) for PWS. Strain significantly (p < 0.05) influenced all internal egg parameters of Japanese quails exception of YH and YW measured. CBS had higher mean values of 3.25 ± 0.03 cm (AD), 2.35 ± 0.01 cm (YD) and 1.42 ± 0.06 (YC) than PWS with 3.14 ± 0.02 cm (AD), 2.30 ± 0.01 cm (YD) and 1.16 ± 0.03 (YC) while PWS was superior in AH (0.42 ± 0.01 cm), AW (1.77 ± 0.04 g) and Hu (62.10 ± 0.12%) compared to CBS with AH (0.40 ± 0.00 cm), AW (1.66 ± 0.03 g) and Hu (60.67 ± 0.38%). However, CBS had a better external egg quality because of the heavier and thicker shell mean which protect the internal egg contents while PWS performed better in internal egg parameters as Hu qualifies a good quality egg. In conclusion, Cinnamon brown strain of Japanese quails should be reared for egg production purpose as it has better external egg quality to protect the internal egg contents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of an Organic Fertilizer Based on Native Rhizophagus intraradices on Zea mays L. Yield in Northern Benin

Abdel D. Koda, Alain S. Yaoitcha, Marcellin Allagbe, Nadège A. Agbodjato, Gustave Dagbenonbakin, Mèvognon R. Aguegue, Ramon Rivera, Adolphe Adjanohoun, Lamine Baba-Moussa

Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Page 8-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i230046

Aims: One of the alternatives proposed to improve the sustainability and productivity of agricultural systems is the use of organic fertilizers based on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the native mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus intraradices in the field at Ouenou in North Benin for improved maize (Zea mays L.) production.

Study Design: The experimental design was a complete random block of three treatments. Mention the design of the study here.

Place and Duration of Study: Endomycorrhizal infection was assessed on roots of corn plants at 78 days post-seed.

Methodology: Corn variety 2000 SYN EE-W was inoculated with the strain in combination with the mineral fertilizer (NPK) half-dose.

Results: Results showed that of the three treatments, the highest heights were observed in plants treated with Rhizophagus intraradices +½ dose of NPK (15:15:15) and urea. The same observations were made with respect to leaf number and leaf area of plants and grain yield. Regarding the endomycorrhizal infection of plants inoculated with Rhizophagus intraradices +½ dose of NPK (15:15:15) and urea, of the three producers, the observation was that the endomycorrhizal infection was elevated to the level of the second producer (P2) which was of the order of (50%) while the mycorrhizal intensity was lower (24.6%) in the same producer.

Conclusion: The native mycorrhizal fungus R. intraradices plus the half-dose NPK plus urea, had a positive impact on most of the various parameters.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Three Different Drying Methods (Oven, Solar and Sun) on the Mineral Composition of Ethiopian Pepper (Xylopia aethiopica)

Baba Mamudu, Patrick Kumah, Emmanuel Nunoo Lartey

Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Page 18-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i230047

The effect of oven, solar and sun drying methods on the mineral properties of the Ethiopian Pepper was determined by conducting a study at the Department of Horticulture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The mineral properties analyzed were, calcium, iron, magnesium, sodium, and zinc. Solar dried Ethiopian pepper, had significantly higher (p ≤ 0.01) calcium (0.38%) as compared to that of oven and sun-dried Ethiopian pepper. Iron level (68 mg/kg) was relatively highest in solar dried Ethiopian pepper whiles magnesium content was highest in oven dried Ethiopian pepper (0.25%). Sodium (1.50%), and zinc (41.75 mg/kg) were recorded for oven dried Ethiopian pepper. Ethiopian pepper dried under oven and solar drying methods retained higher levels minerals.

Open Access Original Research Article

Response of Mungbean to the Residual Toxicity of Herbicides Used in Wheat under Strip Tillage System

M. S. Shamim, M. S. R. Mia, M. N. Hossain, T. Ahmed, M. K. Haque

Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Page 23-31
DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i230049

The residual effect of eight herbicides (Pendimethalin, Pretilachlor, Triasulfuron Ethoxysulfuron, Pyrazosulfuron Ethyl, Carfentrazone – ethyl, Carfentrazone – ethyl+ Isoproteuron, 2, 4 –D) used in wheat of Agronomy Field Laboratory during March to June 2014 was evaluated for mungbean. The eighteen herbicide treatment combinations of the eight herbicides were used in wheat. The experiment was conducted in Random Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The effect of herbicide residues on the mungbean was evaluated in term of germination, seedling root and shoot length, leaf chlorophyll content and seeding dry matter. The result showed that seedling establishment of mungbean was not adversely affected by the herbicides applied the previous wheat crop. Also, the residue of herbicides applied in strip-tilled wheat did not show any adverse effect on germination, shoot length and seedling dry matter of mungbean and even shoot growth of mungbean was not inhibited by the residue of those herbicides. The reason might be related to the half-life and rate of degradation of herbicides in soil. In addition, farmers can easily grow mungbean in a cropping pattern as a subsequent crop of wheat because the study ensures that tested herbicides did not show any adverse residual effect on the establishment of this succeeding crop. However, continuous use of same herbicide or different herbicides with same mode of action in the same land year after year is strictly prohibited. Also, the prudent use of chemical/herbicide is essential to fulfill the goals of conservation agriculture by having reducing detrimental environmental impact as well as reducing herbicide resistance development in crops.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Kinetin on Seed Germination of Sesbania sesban L. and Sesbania rostrata L. (Fabaceae)

S. I. Mensah, C. Ekeke, N. K. Ibeagi

Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, Page 32-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i230050

We investigated the effects of gibberellic acid (GA3) and kinetin on seed germination of S. sesban L. and S. rostrata L. The matured seeds used for this study were obtained from International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan, Nigeria. The seeds were harvested in 2014 and stored dry in a glass container and kept (15°C) in the refrigerator. The viability of the seeds were determined by floating the intact seeds in water and water uptake (imbibition) was carried out. Four replicates of 20 seeds per replicate were germinated and the seeds observed daily and final count was recorded after 14 days of incubation at 30°C. Intact seeds were soaked in gibberellic acid (GA3) and kinetin for 24h and germination percentage taken. The results from the water absorption demonstrated that the seeds of S. rostrata is more permeable compared to S. sesnban as indicated by higher water absorption of seeds of S. rostrata (70%) to S. sesban (25.4%) after 24hrs of incubation. The anatomy of the seed coats indicated the presence of water and gas impermeable tissues namely cuticle, macrosclereids, osteosclereids and disintegrated parenchyma layer. Generally, 0.1 mM kinetin and GA3 enhanced significant germinations compared to the control with 0% germination for the 14 days period of germination. The percentage germination of seeds of S. sesban and S. rotrata subjected to different treatments and germinated in 0.1 mM GA3 and water showed a progressive decrease in germination. From our study, 0.1 mM GA3 and Kinetin significantly enhanced seed germination of S. sesban and S. rostrata.