Weed Control in Tomato through Mulching Approaches
Issue: 2021 - Volume 8 [Issue 1]
Zabihullah Rahmani *
Department of Horticulture, Agriculture Faculty, Samangan Higher Education Institute, Samangan, Afghanistan.
Shah Mahmoud Faqiri
Department of Horticulture and Forestry, Agriculture Faculty, Balkh University, Balkh, Afghanistan.
Ahmad Jawid Muradi
Department of Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Faculty, Samangan Higher Education Institute, Samangan, Afghanistan.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The objective of this study is to evaluate effect of different types of mulches on weed control and yield of tomato in the farm of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation Department were conducted in the year 2019. The method for study is completely randomized block design with three replications and four treatments such as transparent plastic, black plastic, barley straw and control (without mulch). According to the study, the control treatment, black plastic mulches were a significant effect on the number of weeds and yield of tomatoes. The maximum yields were 48.05 (ton/ha) in black plastic and the minimum yields were 19 (ton/ha) in control mulch. The present work suggests that the application of different types of mulches can be an effective method to reduce the number of weeds in a tomato farm. The black plastic mulch is recommended due to increase in the yield of tomato and also an effective practice on controlling the weeds.
Keywords: Mulching, weed control, tomato, transparent plastic mulch, black plastic mulch, barley straw.